Successful landscape photographers stick to a few rules of composition and balance that set their works apart and make for striking images.
In certain respects, shooting a good landscape or seascape isn’t too different from painting one. Composition, angle, light, positioning of subject matter and, of course, originality are all important factors. The better one manages each factor, the better chance the photo has of being memorable. The trick — which is actually a skill — is to learn to visualize the 3-dimensional landscape as a 2-D photograph.
The Rule of Thirds in Photography and Painting
This most basic guideline of composition dictates that a painting or photo should be divided into vertical and horizontal thirds. The lines such a division would make constitute a grid on the surface of the image; objects within a well-composed photo will be arranged loosely along this grid. The brain subconsciously finds symmetry pleasing, and the rule of thirds provides basic symmetry to any photo.
Foreground, Middle Distance, and Background In Landscape Photography
The 3rd Dimension. While the rule of thirds informs the 2-dimensional layout, the depth of a landscape photo can also be divided into 3 major divisions: foreground, middle distance, and background or far distance. Each area should be defined and separate, or mostly so.